AMRUT Scheme


The Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) is an initiative launched by the Government of India with the objective of providing basic infrastructure to improve the quality of life in urban areas, especially in terms of water supply, sewerage, and urban transport. Here are the key aspects of the AMRUT scheme:


  1. Water Supply: Ensure universal coverage of water supply to all households in the mission cities.
  2. Sewerage and Septage Management: Improve sewerage and septage management to enhance public health.
  3. Storm Water Drainage: Reduce flooding by improving storm water drainage systems.
  4. Urban Transport: Enhance public transport facilities and reduce pollution through various interventions.
  5. Green Spaces and Parks: Develop green spaces and parks for healthy living and recreation.

Key Features

  1. Coverage: AMRUT focuses on 500 cities with a population of over one lakh, including all state capitals and Union Territories.
  2. Project Implementation: The scheme is implemented through the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs with the involvement of state governments and urban local bodies (ULBs).
  3. Funding: The scheme provides a mix of central and state funding. The central government provides a significant portion of the project cost, with states contributing the remaining part.
  4. Reforms: AMRUT promotes reforms in urban governance, including improving e-governance, augmenting urban planning, and improving municipal revenue collection.


  1. Capacity Building: Enhance the capabilities of urban local bodies and municipal functionaries through training programs.
  2. Reforms Management: Implement reforms to improve urban governance, service delivery, and infrastructure management.
  3. Infrastructure Development: Fund projects related to water supply, sewerage, storm water drainage, non-motorized urban transport, and green spaces.
  4. Monitoring: Use of a robust monitoring framework to ensure timely completion of projects and effective utilization of funds.


Since its launch in June 2015, AMRUT has made significant progress in:

  • Increasing the coverage of water supply and sewerage systems.
  • Reducing urban flooding through better drainage systems.
  • Enhancing the quality of urban transport and creating green spaces.


  • Ensuring effective coordination between various stakeholders.
  • Overcoming delays in project execution and fund disbursement.
  • Addressing capacity constraints at the level of urban local bodies.


AMRUT plays a crucial role in transforming urban infrastructure in India, aiming for sustainable and inclusive urban development. It reflects the government's commitment to improving the quality of life in urban areas by providing essential services and promoting environmental sustainability.


Evaluating the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) scheme involves analyzing its objectives, implementation, outcomes, and challenges. Hereís a comprehensive evaluation:

  1. Objectives and Relevance

AMRUT's objectives align with the pressing needs of urban India:

  • Universal Water Supply: Addressing water scarcity and ensuring clean drinking water.
  • Sewerage and Septage Management: Improving sanitation and public health.
  • Storm Water Drainage: Mitigating urban flooding.
  • Urban Transport: Reducing congestion and pollution.
  • Green Spaces: Enhancing urban livability.
  1. Implementation

Coverage and Scope:

  • The scheme covers 500 cities with a population of over one lakh, including all state capitals and Union Territories.
  • Focus on essential urban services ensures targeted improvement in living conditions.

Funding Mechanism:

  • Central government funds a significant portion, with state governments and Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) contributing the rest. This shared funding model promotes ownership and accountability.

Capacity Building:

  • Training and capacity-building initiatives have been implemented to enhance the skills of municipal functionaries, although the extent of their effectiveness varies across regions.
  1. Outcomes


  • Water Supply: Significant strides in increasing household water connections. As of recent reports, over 90% of targeted households have access to tap water.
  • Sewerage Projects: Improvements in sewerage and septage management have been reported, with many cities achieving better sanitation standards.
  • Storm Water Drainage: Enhanced infrastructure has reduced urban flooding in several mission cities.
  • Urban Transport: Development of non-motorized transport facilities, including cycle tracks and pedestrian pathways, promoting sustainable urban mobility.
  • Green Spaces: Creation and rejuvenation of parks and green areas have provided recreational spaces and improved air quality.

Monitoring and Reporting:

  • A robust monitoring framework is in place, utilizing a centralized platform to track progress and ensure accountability. However, discrepancies in data reporting and project implementation timelines have been noted.
  1. Challenges

Coordination and Governance:

  • Effective coordination between central, state, and local governments remains challenging. Variations in administrative capacity and political will affect the uniformity of project execution.

Project Delays:

  • Delays in project execution due to bureaucratic hurdles, land acquisition issues, and contractor-related problems have hindered timely completion.

Capacity Constraints:

  • ULBs often face capacity constraints in terms of skilled manpower and technical expertise, impacting the quality and speed of project implementation.

Financial Management:

  • Despite the funding structure, financial management at the ULB level is a concern, with some municipalities struggling to mobilize their share of the funds.
  1. Impact on Urban Livability
  • Quality of Life: Improvements in basic infrastructure have positively impacted the quality of life, especially in terms of access to water and sanitation.
  • Environmental Sustainability: Initiatives like storm water drainage and green space development contribute to environmental sustainability and resilience against climate change impacts.
  • Economic Growth: Better urban infrastructure supports economic activities, attracting investments and improving overall economic growth in urban areas.


The AMRUT scheme has made notable progress in enhancing urban infrastructure and quality of life in Indian cities. While it has achieved many of its objectives, challenges related to governance, capacity, and financial management persist. Continuous monitoring, capacity building, and streamlined project execution processes are essential for maximizing the scheme's impact and ensuring sustainable urban development.

Posted by on 30th May 2024