Vikram Sarabhai space centre (VSSC)

About: VSSC

The Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC) is one of the main centers of the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).

It is named after Dr. Vikram Sarabhai, who is often regarded as the father of the Indian space program.

The VSSC is located in Thiruvananthapuram (Trivandrum).

The center is responsible for the design and development of launch vehicles and associated technologies
Key functions and activities

Launch Vehicle Development: VSSC is primarily focused on the research and development of launch vehicle technology.

 It has played a critical role in the development of various generations of Indian launch vehicles, including the PSLV (Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle) and GSLV (Geosynchronous Satellite Launch Vehicle) series.

Vehicle Integration and Testing: The center is responsible for integrating the components of launch vehicles, conducting tests, and ensuring the overall readiness of the vehicles for launch.

Payload Integration: VSSC is involved in integrating payloads—such as satellites and scientific instruments—onto the launch vehicles. This involves ensuring that the payloads are securely attached and properly configured for launch.

Propulsion Research: Research and development related to rocket propulsion systems, including engines and propellant technologies, are carried out at VSSC.

Aerodynamics and Aeronautics: The center conducts research and experiments related to aerodynamics and aeronautics, which are crucial for the design and performance of launch vehicles.

Technological Innovations: VSSC is involved in developing new technologies and methods to improve the efficiency, reliability, and cost-effectiveness of launch vehicles.

Collaboration and Outreach: VSSC collaborates with other ISRO centers, research institutions, and international organizations to advance space research and exploration. The center also engages in educational and outreach activities to promote scientific education among students and the public.

Testing Facilities: VSSC has a range of testing facilities, including wind tunnels, propulsion test facilities, structural testing facilities, and more, to simulate and validate various aspects of launch vehicle design and performance.


The work carried out at the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre is integral to India's space endeavours, enabling the country to develop indigenous launch vehicle technologies and participate actively in the global space industry.

The centre’s contributions have been instrumental in launching satellites for communication, remote sensing, navigation, scientific research, and space exploration missions.

Practice Question:

Elaborate on key activities carried out by Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre.

Posted by on 28th Aug 2023