5G (Fifth Generation Telephony)

The commercial rollout of 5G services could be expected from August-September 2022, the telecom minister Said.

Mains: Science and Technology - Generations of Mobile communication technology

Prelims: Facts about 5G, 4G, 3G


The fifth generation of mobile networks is known as 5G. It is the next-generation cellular technology that will enable ultra-low latency communication that is faster and more dependable.

According to a government panel analysis, peak network data speeds for 5G are estimated to be in the region of 2-20 Gigabit per second (Gbps).

In comparison, 4G connectivity speeds in India average 6-7 Megabits per second (Mbps), compared to 25 Mbps in advanced countries. The 3rd Generation Partnership Project is in charge of defining and driving 5G usage standards (3GPP).

5G's Communication Benefits
1. According to a report by a government-appointed commission, 5G will have a cumulative economic impact of $1 trillion in India by 2035.
2. According to a separate report from Ericsson, income potential from 5G-enabled digitalization in India will exceed $27 billion by 2026.
3. Furthermore, according to the GSMA, India will have approximately 70 million 5G connections by 2025.
4. Emerging technologies such as the Internet of Things (IoT) and machine-to-machine interactions are projected to rely on 5G.
5. It would be capable of supporting a considerably broader range of applications and services, such as self-driving cars, telemedicine, and real-time data analytics.
6. One of the most important uses of 5G will be the deployment of sensor-embedded networks, which will allow real-time data relay across industries like manufacturing, consumer durables, and agriculture.
7. 5G can also help to improve the efficiency of transportation infrastructure by making it smart.
8. 5G will enable vehicle-to-vehicle and vehicle-to-infrastructure connectivity, paving the way for autonomous vehicles and other innovations.

In 2011, the fourth generation (4G) of mobile communication was released, continuing the practise of a new mobile generation every decade.

The following are some of its most notable characteristics:

  1. 100 megabits per second (Mbps) to 1 gigabit per second (Gbps)
  2. Web access on the go
  3. Cloud computing and high-definition mobile TV
  4. Telephony over the Internet Protocol (IP)
  5. 4G technologies include LTE, WIMAX, and HSPA.

While all prior technologies were designed for speech transmission, 4G technologies are more efficient at data transmission, hence voice calls are also transmitted using the same VOLTE data packets, making data more efficient and faster.

VOLTE's Advantages

  1. Efficient spectrum usage
  2. More distinct voice
  3. Battery use is reduced
  4. Use of data and voice calls at the same time
  5. However, we'll need devices that are compatible with this.

With the turn of the millennium, the third generation (3G) of mobile telephony was introduced, offering significant improvements over prior generations. The following are some of the characteristics of this generation:

  1. 144 kbps to 2 Mbps data rates are available.
  2. Web browsing at a high speed
  3. Video conferencing, multimedia e-mails, and other web-based applications are available.
  4. Audio and video files can be transferred quickly and easily.
  5. Gaming in three dimensions

Posted by on 29th Apr 2022
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