Curbing open urination is next step

Why in the news ?
  • For the first time that the Swachh Bharat Mission (Urban) is officially including the elimination of open urination in its agenda. 
  • Under new norms, cities and towns wanting to be declared ODF+ (Open Defecation Free Plus) must also be free of public urination and not just open defecation.
More on news
  • The rural division of SBM had previously said preventing public urination was not on their agenda.
  • The Mission is focussed on infrastructure and regulatory changes, on the assumption that this will lead to behaviour change.
  • In cities, if toilets are available, accessible and clean, people will automatically use them rather than using the road.
  • The ODF+ protocols, released by the Ministry of Housing and Urban Affairs, are the next step for the SBM-U and aim to ensure sustainability in sanitation outcomes.
  • The original ODF protocol, issued in March 2016, said, “A city/ward is notified as ODF city/ward if, at any point of the day, not a single person is found defecating in the open.”
  • So far, 2,741 cities have been certified as ODF, based mostly on third-party verification of toilet construction.
  • The new ODF+ protocol, issued last week, says that a city, ward or work circle could be declared ODF+ if, “at any point of the day, not a single person is found defecating and/or urinating in the open, and all community and public toilets are functional and well-maintained.”
  • The Mission is also pushing forward in its drive to get public toilets listed on Google Maps.
  • A search for “toilets near me” will now display the location of public toilets in over 700 cities, and allow users to rate and review them.
The Hindu

Posted by Jawwad Kazi on 23rd Aug 2018